Thiruvalluvar, believed to have lived sometime between 100 B.C. to 300 B.C. in the Southern part of India, currently known as Tamil Nadu. Thiruvalluvar authored “Thirukkural,” which contains his thoughts and philosophies. Though it is his original work, a close reading of it will give a clear indication that he owes his knowledge to the great minds of the past.
Thirukkural contains 1330 couplets divided into 3 Parts and 133 Chapters. The First part deals with Aram (Virtue), the ethics / moral values of Life; the Second one discusses Porul (Wealth), Socio-economic and Political aspects of an individual’s Life and the Third part focuses on Inbam (Love) and depicts aesthetically the intimate relationship between a man and a woman – the love before and after marriage.
The philosophies propounded by this great thinker are revolutionary in nature and very much relevant to humanity as a whole, irrespective of one’s language, race, culture, religion, sex, age, etc. Though his original work is in Tamil, it does not contain any reference either to the land of Tamils or for that matter to India, which is yet another indicator that the work belongs to the humanity as a whole.
Thiruvalluvar’s work has been translated into many languages, which is a testimony to the reach and relevancy of his philosophies to all people, cutting across continents. Incidentally, it was Rev.G.U. Pope (1820-1908), a Christian missionary who has done a complete translation of the work, under the auspices of Indian Institute, Oxford and published it on 1st September, 1886. He has called Thiruvalluvar as “very influential teacher of men.”
Mr. M. Ariel, who translated Thirukkural into French, in 18th century, speaks of Thiruvalluvar’s great work as ‘the masterpiece of Tamil Literature – one of the highest and purest expression of human thought.’ “There hardly exists in the literature of the world a collection of maxims in which we find such lofty wisdom” – says Dr. Albert Schweitzer, Nobel Laureate, Germany & France.
The ideas in Thirukkural are very much contemporary and if it is scrupulously followed, one can lead a rich and meaningful life. In the age of globalization, when life is on a fast track, the teachings of Thiruvalluvar provide a strong mooring to all human beings.
Thiruvalluvar has adopted a systematic approach to the development of an individual and his relationship - with the family members, with kith & kin and with the society. Practicing the teachings of Thiruvalluvar will ultimately result in the development of full potential of mind and the individual blossoms into a fragrant flower.
It is a strong belief of Voice of Valluvar Team that though Valluvar says “Discern, the absolute Truth from whatever and whoever says” what contained in Thirukkural is absolute Truth and nothing else. Each couplet is closely linked with life.
Readers/Visitors to the site are requested to share stories, folk- tales, stories from Ramayana, Mahabharata and other world classics, Zen stories, anecdotes from the life of great personalities, anecdotes from their own life, etc. which reminded them of a particular couplet in Thirukkural.
Many times, various reports appearing in the Newspapers may also evoke a thought in the mind of the readers that the event/happening may be related to Thirukkural. The readers are requested to share the information either in Tamil or English for the wider benefit of the society.
The idea behind this effort is when a couplet is explained through a real life situation, people can understand the particular Kural better and may try to practice the essence of the Kural in their day-to-day life.
Somehow, an impression has been created that the principles contained in Thirukkural are too idealistic and impracticable, which is not the case. On the other hand, if a person try to practice and live the message of one Kural with absolute adherence to the same, the principal contained in the remaining 1,229 Thirukkural will automatically become part of his life. This may sound impossible, but if one closely study the life of great personalities such as Mahatma Gandhiji, Abraham Lincoln, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, one would readily agree that it is a fact.